Posted by: samarthan August 9, 2010
Bhutanese issue
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कताको कुरो कता लग्या छ छ । Bhutanese refugee को कुरो गर्या हो कि नेपाली पोलिटिकस हो?

I have read somewhere that Bhutan is also a country of immigrants. The Dzonkha speakers settled there migrating from Tibet in about 500 to 300 years ago. Present ruling class Bhutanese are relatively new Dzonkha immigrants. The Khas speakers or "Bhutanese Nepali" people migrated there only in early 20th century.

The Nepalese brought to Bhutan in early 16th century is often mentioned as the beginning of Nepali immigrants in Bhutan. But, it does not seem to be relevant with the present "Bhutani Nepali" crisis because that early-immigrants used to speak "Newar" not "Nepali". I do not know what happened to them. Did they merge with "Dzonkha" or "Nepali" or remain a separate tiny group within Bhutan?

The Dzonkha speakers wanted control over "Nepali" speakers because they were concerned to the  the isolation and lack of cultural integration between Dzonkha speakers and "Nepali" speakers in Bhutan.

"By the 1980s, the (Bhutanese) government had become acutely conscious not just of
widespread illegal immigration of people of Nepali origin into Bhutan,
but also of the total lack of integration even of long-term immigrants
into the political and cultural mainstream of the country. Most of the
immigrants knew very little of the culture of Bhutan and most could not understand any one of the local languages including Dzongkha.
In the rural areas they remained so 'Nepalese' in their culture they
were indistinguishable from the Nepalese in Nepal itself. " (source: wikipedia)

This is the main problem. If you migrate in mass, and try not to integrate within the local community, they will certainly be conscious. If they feel a risk, then they will try to chase you out because they are there before you.

So, I consider that the Bhutanese problem is not a political problem, its a social problem, and it is the problem caused by the lack of respect to local inhabitants, which is a kind of arrogance. Sad to mention it here, the Khas speaking community has that sort of arrogance, and if that continues, they will have similar problem in many others parts of the world where they migrate in a sizable number.

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