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 Viral ‘Buddha is Chinese’ article triggers intense debate
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Posted on 02-24-18 6:45 PM     Reply [Subscribe]
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Viral ‘Buddha is Chinese’ article triggers intense debate

By Shan Jie Source:Global Times Published: 2018/2/21 17:43:39

Experts slam article questioning origins of Buddhism


The pictured is the view of the White Horse Temple, or Baima Temple, in Luoyang, Central China's Henan Province. It is believed to be the first Buddhist temple in China, established in AD68 under the patronage of Emperor Ming in the Eastern Han dynasty capital Luoyang. Photo: IC

A Chinese expert on religions has slammed an article claiming that Sakyamuni Buddha was actually of Chinese origin, saying it lacks evidence and is an abuse of patriotism. The article has been spreading on China's Internet since late 2017, after several studies in recent years made similar claims.

However, other experts said the article contains reasonable points, and that Sakyamuni's origin has nothing to do with India.

Mystery scholar

The article, which has gone viral on the Chinese Internet since January 1, claimed that a Nepalese scholar named Amuhanson discovered that Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism, was actually Chinese, and not of "Indian nationality", a fact that had been "spread by international academia for over 1,000 years."

It is generally accepted that Sakyamuni was born in Lumbini in modern Nepal.

According to UNESCO, Buddha was born in 623BC in the sacred area of Lumbini, which is "located in the Terai plains of southern Nepal, testified by the inskription on the pillar erected by the Mauryan Emperor Asoka in 249BC."

"Amuhansong" also said that "Nepalese are Shennong's descendants, and are not the same race as modern Indians." Shennong is the Chinese God of agriculture.

The article was widely shared on Chinese blogs and other media platforms. However, apart from the online article in Chinese, no other information about "Amuhansong" or his studies can be found online.

The Global Times reporter found the same article on sohu.com dated to November 2017 without mentioning any Nepalese scholar. The sohu.com article suggested it was originally written by Li Liangsong, a professor from the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and an expert on Buddhist medicine.

Li listed 10 main reasons for his claim, such as the fact that Nepal used to be a "special district" of the ancient Chinese empire, and the content of Buddhist skriptures shows the culture originates in Central China.

"As far as I know, local Tibetans and people from central China are from the same ancestors, so saying Sakyamuni is Chinese might be reasonable in some senses," Hu Zhiyong, a research fellow at the Institute of International Relations in the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, told the Global Times.

"Regardless of whether the Nepalese scholar is right or not, (such a discussion) has nothing to do with India, which has always wanted to show that its history is longer than China's," Hu said. "There is no proof that the Buddha was Indian."

Groundless claims

Li is not the first person who has tried to prove that Sakyamuni was Chinese. One influential study that he referred to is "Rethinking the Origin of Buddhism" by Zhang Rubai, a mineralogist from Chengdu University of Technology at Southwest China's Sichuan Province.

Zhang believed that Buddhism spread from China to Central Asia and the western regions through India, and later came back to China's interland. His study was published in the journal of Chengdu University of Technology in January 2016. 

According to the journal, Zhang's findings were based on "Buddha figures carved on jade and ivory wares," as well as "a crystal Buddha head" from the ancient Shu Kingdom, which could be traced back to 1,000BC. The kingdom is located in present day Sichuan.

In 2009, Zhang published a book on these cultural relics "unearthed at the Sanxingdui ruins."

However, the Sanxingdui Museum in March 2016 slammed Zhang by saying on its Sina Weibo account that none of the relics in his book were from the ruins. The museum said Zhang had fabricated the contents and written nonsense by claiming that Buddhism originated in Sanxingdui. 

"We've never seen anyone so shameless," the Weibo post wrote.

Online sources showed that Long Xijiang, a research fellow at the China Tibetology Research Center, has published claims that Buddhism stemmed from the primitive Shamanism of Northwest and Northeast China.

Arrogant nationalism

"I could not see the meaning of the (Sakyamuni being Chinese) study," said Shen Guiping, a religious expert at the Central Institute of Socialism in Beijing.

"Such studies are invalid and their methods are improper… if it is to show patriotism, it is arrogant," Shen told the Global Times, "such a sense of national pride needs to be controlled, otherwise it would be abnormal and even dangerous."

There are three language families of Buddhism - Han Buddhism, which entered inland China as early as 2BC; Tibetan Buddhism, which entered Tibet in the seventh century from India; and Theravada Buddhism, which entered what is today the south of Yunnan in around the 7th century from neighboring Myanmar, according to the website of SARA.

Posted on 02-25-18 1:25 AM     [Snapshot: 173]     Reply [Subscribe]
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Those who claim Budda was born in this and that and those who defend buddha was born in Nepal are sorry individuals and hypocrites. They completely ruined the path which Buddha built in this world. I just feel sick when I read these kinds of news and people defending them.
Posted on 02-25-18 2:46 AM     [Snapshot: 190]     Reply [Subscribe]
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how come nobody can declare where Buddha was born. If Buddha was human being, there should be a proper location where he was born. And why after 2500 years people aren't able to figure out. Was Jesus born wherever he's thought to be born? What about Mohammad? Does the birth of origin change every few centuries depending on the political climate of the world? Can you teach a new version of truth in  few generations and market the version as universal truth? According to wikipedia, I just checked...one guy from Germany was the one who, with the help of a Rana official back in 1890s, declared..that buddha was born in Lumbini....Now can we really believe this german guy or not....if yes, why and if not why not? Did we really have to wait for 2000 years for this guy from germany to show up and tell us buddha was born in Lumbini? It's like someone from Nepal or India going to Isreal or syria or wherever and telling the whole christian or muslim world where Jesus was born or where Mohamad was born? Seems crazy to think that nobody can really verify or pinpoint for sure, all these things..May be the German guy is right or may be he is not right...who knows...this is what wiki says, about the linkage between Buddha and Lumbini.   . Quite confusing 4 real....learning brand new things all the time..for the first time..

Accompanied by the local Nepalese governor, General Khadga Shamsher, Führer discovered Ashoka’s pillar, an inskription on which, together with other evidence, confirmed Lumbini as the birthplace of the Buddha."

Last edited: 25-Feb-18 02:55 AM


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