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 ल नेपालमा सुन र तामाको पहाड रहेछ भन्ने पनि थाहा भयो..
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Posted on 03-10-11 8:04 PM     Reply [Subscribe]
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हैन हाम्रा पत्रकारहरुलाई सबै कुरा कसरी थाहा हुन्छ हँ? अब नेपालमा सुन र तामाको पहाड छ भन्दियो, त्यहाँबाट सुन र तामा निकाल्न सकिन्छ कि सकिदैन, खानीमा सुन र तामा कति छ? आर्थिक रुपमा संभव छ कि छैन? यिनीहरुलाई त्यसको बारेमा सोच्ने फुर्सद छैन.. कहाँबाट एउटा कुरा पाउँछन् अनि त के चाहियो र आफ्नै तालमा मस्त फुक्यो... सेन्ट्रल जैल जस्तो ठाउँमा गोली हान्ने देशमा कुन चाँही विदेशीले तराइमा आफ्नो करडौको मेसिन लगेर अन्वेशनको काम गर्छ?  



 
Posted on 03-10-11 8:51 PM     [Snapshot: 36]     Reply [Subscribe]
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हाहा जी टी ।

हामीले ८-९ कक्षा मै पढेका थियौं नेपाल को खानी को बारे मा र त्यो दैलेख को पेट्रोल उहिलेइ सुंघेका थियौं । तर प्रस्तुती नेपाली प्रेस जगत को दिवालियापन बाहेक केही लागेन । संभावना र संभाब्यता बीचको दूरी अल-पत्रकार हरुलाई के थाहा ? मानौ कि रोल्पा को पहेलो पहाड मा सुन कै बिस्कुट ले बनेको छ र तुरन्तै बजार मा ४० हजार तोला मा बिक्री गर्न सकिन्छ र देश को अर्थ तन्त्र केही बर्षमा कायपलट हुन्छ । बैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धानको अहिले  गहिराइ र ३० बर्ष अघी को प्रतिबेदनको तालमेल कल्ले बुझ्ने ??

सारंश मा भन्नु पर्दा, " कच्चा बैद्य को मात्रा यमपुरी को यात्रा।" न मच्चिने पिङ को सय झट्का । मखुला ??


 
Posted on 03-10-11 9:25 PM     [Snapshot: 179]     Reply [Subscribe]
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la keta haru ho... ma ta Nepal gaye hai, Sun ko dada chadnu paryo........

 
Posted on 03-10-11 9:55 PM     [Snapshot: 227]     Reply [Subscribe]
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हसाउछन पत्रकार शेरे हरुले ! 

 
Posted on 03-10-11 11:34 PM     [Snapshot: 328]     Reply [Subscribe]
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 oh ho gas pani raichha nepaalmaa

felt like reading "yuwaa munch" patrikaa which was very famous for this kind of news back in 90's. 

ajhai raajaa chhainan deshmaa, raajaa bhaideko bhae, sappai gas ra soon raajaale control garchhan bhanera laaidinthee...

wahiyaat patrakaarko wahiyaat journalism.. 

gold colourko pahaadlaai sunko paahaad re, lu aaba golden gate bridge banaaune ho ki tyaahaa...



 
Posted on 03-10-11 11:43 PM     [Snapshot: 354]     Reply [Subscribe]
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Nuclear bomb banunni uranium pani cha nepal ma
 
Posted on 03-10-11 11:53 PM     [Snapshot: 370]     Reply [Subscribe]
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Mining The Prospects
By M Rijal & Gaurav Aryal 
The present contribution of mines and mineral industries to Nepal’s GDP stands at around 2.4 per cent and it may rise to as high as 15 per cent in the next 10 years.
 
“We are talking about the previously identified mineral resources only,” says Krishna Prasad Kafle, a geologist and mines expert. “Once new mineral resources like petroleum are discovered, the contribution to GDP will far exceed even the present forecast of 15 per cent.”
 
The future might look bright; the present situation, however, is still bleak. The fact is that Nepal is a net importer of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron and steel, aluminum, gypsum, salt, petroleum and high grade coal, among other minerals and mine-based products. “We can change the situation,” adds Kafle. “Nepal has tremendous mining prospects – let’s not doubt this fact. The geology of Nepal itself is the evidence to it.”
 
Petroleum Prospects
 
Sporadic oil exploration works in Nepal were first recorded in the 1930s. However, the first drilling was done only in 1989 in Radhanagar, near the eastern city of Biratnagar. The place is now Ward No 9 of Bahune VDC in Morang district (see picture). Netherland’s Shell Company was involved in the drilling. The company drilled some 3520 metres beneath, but the “well” was found dry.
 
“Only if the company had gone little bit deeper, there was a chance to discover the hydrocarbon (petroleum) deposits,” claims a geologist on condition of anonymity. “As fate would have it, India had imposed economic blockade on Nepal at the same time. Drilling machineries had to be imported from India. The total daily operating cost of drilling sky-rocketed to as high as Rs 30 to 35 thousand (not adjusted with inflation). The company ultimately abandoned its plan of going deeper.”  
 
The Petroleum Exploration Promotion Project was set up within the Department of Mines and Geology. It gave momentum to exploration. So far, the Project has performed Airborne Magnetic Survey in 48 thousand sq km, photo-geological study in 60 thousand sq km, Reflection Seismic Survey in some 5 thousand line km, Gravity Survey in the entire Terai region, and Source and Seal Study in entire Nepal. Most significantly, the Department identified 10 probable petroleum deposits blocks in 1985.
 
“Nepal’s whole Terai and Churia range are the most potential petroleum blocks in Nepal,” says Shyam Bahadur KC, the Acting Project Chief. “This is the region constituting all 10 blocks identified for oil exploration.” Each block is of some 5 thousand sq km in area and is named from the west to the east (see Table 1). The Nepalgunj and Chitwan Blocks (3 and 5, respectively) were leased to Texana Resources, Huston, USA in 1998. But the company postponed exploration works in 2000 citing security reasons. The company is said to have almost completed preparing various maps but has not revealed further as to what would be next. Five Blocks - 1, 2, 4, 6 and 7, respectively, were awarded to UK-based Cairns Energy in 2004. The company postponed works for four years and resumed in December 2009. The company is involved in developing the complete maps first. As for the remaining three Blocks - 8, 9 and 10, the government is preparing to award contracts through a bidding process most probably in the next fiscal year (2011/12).
 
As for the reasons for so many researches-planned focusing on the Terai and adjoining Churia range, the geologists have firm belief that Nepal’s Terai is similar in geography to the sub-Himalayan plains of Pakistan and India where hydrocarbon deposits were discovered and are extracted on commercial scale. The Potwar Basin of Pakistan and Digboy of Assam in India are mining hubs in the sub-Himalayan region. “From among the 10 Blocks, if we discover even a single medium size oil well, it can transform the economy of Nepal beyond anybody’s imagination,” KC asserts in an optimistic tone.   
 
The evidence of Nepal’s hydrocarbon deposits can be seen as the gas and oil seepages in various parts of Dailekh district in mid-west Nepal. For instance, the oil seeps at Padukasthan represent “biodegraded” light oil with geological source, whereas the gas seeps at Navisthan and Sristhan are of “thermogenic” origin, according to geologists. Further, the proportion of higher “homologs (C2-C5)” in the seepages of Dailekh district suggests gases associated with oil. The threat, however, in terms of capitalizing the potential hidden oil wells is that “hydrocarbon deposits are mobile by nature”. If not tapped in time, the whole petroleum reserves may move from one place to another even crossing the man-made boundary of any country – this is what most of the geologists fear in Nepal.
 
 
 
Cement: On the Way to Abundance
 
Among all non-metallic minerals, excavation of limestone – the basic element to produce cement, has increased substantially in the recent years. Limestone is in abundance in the country and predictions are that Nepal has a chance to be fully self-dependant on cement by the next seven months (August 2011). Some six new industries are coming to the fore, in addition to the existing 30 cement industries. “We can now be hopeful that the domestic industries may fully sustain the demand for cement,” says Dhruba Thapa, Vice President, Nepal Cement Industries’ Association. The industries, however, still have to import clinker, which is produced from limestone and used for cement production, from India. As of today, some 30 companies have received limestone mining permission from the Department of Mines and Geology, whereas 167 companies have received the limestone prospecting (exploration) license from the Department. And more than 60 companies have received the license to operate a cement industry from the Department of Industry. In Nepal, the volume of limestone deposits (of cement grade) is believed to be over 1.25 billion metric tons, according to the Department sources.     
 
As for other non-metallic mineral resources except cement, there are possibilities for unearthing dolomite, phosphorite, magnesite, talc, mica, ceramic clay / red clay, silica sand, salt, barites, calcite deposit and diatomite, etc, from various parts of the country. There are also possibilities for mining precious and semi-precious gemstones such as tourmaline, beryl / aquamarine, garnets, kyanites, rubies / sapphire and quartz crystals. Decorative stones such as marble, granites, quartzites and slate can also be mined. Construction materials such as boulders, cobbles and pebbles are also in plenty while fuel mineral like coal too has commercial prospect. As for the operating mines, there are a few in the country. For instance, mining of marble is being done from Godavari (Lalitpur) and Anekot (Kavre); pebbles are mined from almost every riverside and low-hills and are even exported to India’s booming construction industry.
 
The Metallic Minerals
 
In Nepal, the iron ore prospects and deposits are reported in 85 locations and the copper in 107 locations, zinc and lead in 49 locations, cobalt at least in 4 locations and nickel in at least 5 locations. At present, a Chinese company is involved in the mining of iron in Thoshe, Ramechhap. As for gold, there is no mine in operation as of today, but it is frequently winnowed out from the gravel and sediments of around a dozen rivers like Mahakali, Bheri, Rapti, Kaligandaki and Sunkoshi. Primary gold occurrences have been reported from Lungri Khola area in Rolpa; Banga Bagar, Gorang and Jamari Gad in Baitadi; and Bamangau in Dadeldhura. These areas are, however, yet to be explored extensively. The Department of Mines and Geology thinks that once the mining licenses are issued, the mines will automatically get the status of “operating mines”. As the Department has no mechanism to cross-check the facts going to the field, there is a compulsion to assume that the license holder mines are really operating. Same is the case for gold and other minerals. Two licenses have been issued to mine gold and are taken as the operating mines in the Department’s list without further evidence.
 
As for Uranium, which is radioactive and so, a highly valued mineral, is also reported to have some deposits in Nepal. The sites are Jagati in Bhaktapur and Shiva Puri area in Kathmandu; Tin Bhangaley, Chandi Khola and Chiruwa Khola in Makwanpur; Buka Khola in Sindhuli; Janmari Gad, Banga Bagar and Gorang in Baitadi; and some traces in Chameliya river in Darchula. “Among the potential uranium sites, Tin Bhangaley (Makwanpur) and Gorang (Baitadi) prospects appear attractive, but economic evaluation of these sites are yet to be performed,” says geologist Kafle.   
 
Methane Gas and Other Minerals
 
Kathmandu valley that incorporates three districts of Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur is rich in methane gas deposits. The Department of Mines and Geology explored this gas in 26 sq km area in the valley and it was proved that 316 million cubic metre of methane gas deposit is available for commercial purpose. But it still remains unexploited.
 
Nepal is also affluent in other miscellaneous mineral resources. For instance, there are some 23 geothermal hot springs in Nepal. They are found in the vicinities of rivers like Mahakali, Marshyangdi, Trishuli, Kodari and Surai Khola, among others. The temperature of the hot spring water remains generally in between 40°C to 115°C. The hot springs can be utilized for tourism purpose, as people enjoy taking a bath into it. It is also believed that the hot springs have the healing power in illnesses like backache and arthritis. Thermal electricity can also be produced from the hot springs with the help of technologies.        
 
 
 
The Challenges
 
Nepal’s mineral resources themselves have become the curse, says geologist Kafle. “From mountain to Terai, minerals are scattered all over the country. But we have failed to cash in them. Otherwise, we would have made remarkable economic progresses,” adds he. “Mineral exploration, mine development and establishment of a mineral based industry normally require large investment, sound technical know-how and long gestation period. We lack these all.”
 
It’s a fact, in a money-crunch country like ours, Foreign Direct Investment is a must to explore and utilize petroleum and other mineral resources, says another geologist KC. “The government of Nepal is not able to sufficiently finance the research and exploration of the mines and minerals. Usually the government provides the Department with Rs 3 to 3.5 million annually. This amount is not enough for us,” adds he. “ On the other hand, it is a global practice that the government rather than doing the exploration works by itself, invites companies for the exploration and investment. Even the powerful countries like USA, Norway, Saudi Arabia, etc invite the companies for the investment.”
 
Further, there are high risk, uncertainty and long return period involved in mineral exploration and mining. And if the private sector is to invest in it, the government must develop infrastructures like road, electricity and telecom in the mineral deposit sites.
 
Yet another biggest problem is that the three laws of Nepal - Mines and Minerals Act, Forestry Act and Local Self Governance Act contradict with each other.  For instance, the forest authorities impose tax on everything inside a forest, while the mining authorities say it is different and come under the mining rules and regulations. And the local government bodies such as District Development Committees (DDCs), Village Development Committees (VDCs) and municipalities claim the same taxation rights over the same resources. It is imperative that, to clear ambiguities, the government must make one window policy of tax mobilization vis-à-vis mines and minerals.
 
The Way Ahead
 
Capable technicians at the Department of Mines and Geology are frequently leaving the country in absence of career prospects and there is no significant entry of new technical manpower at the Department. Such a situation may cause severe hindrance to mining activities in the country. Further, the haphazard pebble and gravel mining activities, such as those in Nallu, Lele and Chapagaun villages of southern Lalitpur may lead to environmental degradation. Development should always be healthy, balanced and eco-friendly.
 
For public scrutiny, it is extremely difficult to extract information from the Department and to some extent, from the Department of Industry. Mines and mineral related information should not be stored but disseminated and exposed through publications and media campaign on a regular basis. Mining potentials must be publicised so as to lure the potential investors and create awareness among the policymakers. This very thing is lacking in Nepal.
At least for the moment, only if the petroleum exploration works in the 7 leased blocks could enter the phase of drilling; it could be a silver lining to all those who wish to see the works moving ahead on a fast track

 
Posted on 03-10-11 11:57 PM     [Snapshot: 381]     Reply [Subscribe]
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Until last year, carpet used to be ranked as the second most exported item to overseas markets. Now, the product is ranked fourth in terms of export value after iron and steel articles (Rs 5.01 billion), lentils (Rs 2.75 billion) and yarns (2.73 billion). Readymade Garment (Rs 2.04 billion) is in the fifth position.

\Iron is the first number in terms of export , do you guys know who think we dont have a mines of iron. Badi bolcha neta haru
 
Posted on 03-11-11 12:44 AM     [Snapshot: 440]     Reply [Subscribe]
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Pimp Kalu please study the link about the iron story and then please don't forget to comment.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/business/2011-01/10/c_13683748.htm

 
Posted on 03-11-11 10:49 AM     [Snapshot: 620]     Reply [Subscribe]
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विभिन्न समयमा भएका प्रारम्भिक अध्ययनहरुले देखाएकै कुरा हो नेपालमा पेट्रोलियम पदार्थदेखी लिएर सुनसम्मका खानीहरु छन् । यो कटु यथार्थ हो उत्खननका लागि राजनीतिक अस्थिरता भएको deshma कुनै पनि विदेसी कम्पनीले लगानी डुबाउन चाहँदैन । profit नआउने ठाउँमा लगानी गर्नुको औचित्य पनि dekhidaina। टाइगर जिले भएजस्तो मनगढन्ते छैन यो reporting। खानी तथा भुगर्भ विभागका अधिकारीको आधिकारीक भनाइ सहित प्रsतुत गरिएको छ ।  कोही लेम्यनले भनेको भरमा पक्कै यो रिपोर्ट तयार गरिएको होइन । <br>
भाषगत रुपमा भने पक्कै फितलो छ Cairn Energy Plc हुनुपर्ने ठाऊमा KN Energy Pcl  भनिएको छ॥<br>
पक्कै हो लगानीका दृष्टिकोले नेपालको क्रेडिट रििटंग झन खस्कँदो छ…<br>
Thanks for posting this news video.
Nepal is uninterrupted and safe playground for many underground groups and spy agencies. The recent incednent in the jail is yet another series of this malady which shows how [Disallowed String for - bad word]ed up is our police administration is ..
 
Posted on 03-11-11 12:58 PM     [Snapshot: 760]     Reply [Subscribe]
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हुन त पत्ता लगेको खानि आर्थिक रूप मा सम्भाब्य छ कि छैन धेरै अध्ययन गर्न पर्छ तर पनि अर्थ शास्त्र को बिविन्न मोडेल र काम गरै को तरिक बादलए सुरु मा अर्थिक रूप्मा सम्भब नवएको देखिये क खानि हरु पनि पछी प्रयोग मा आएक छन.
जस्ताइ उतह को ओपेन पिट खानि, सुरु मा निक्केल र सुन को लागि सुरु गरिएको यो खानि पछी तमा को लागि प्रख्यत हुन गो, अहिलीए एस्तो महँगो पेट्रोल को बेला पनि यो खानि सन्चालन वाइ राखेको छ।
तल को पढ्नुस्

The classic copper porphyry orebody is not only huge but also enjoys a fairly uniform distribution of sulphide mineralisation, mainly chalcopyrite. The existing pit will be worked out by 2013, but open pit and then underground mining will continue after that. As of end-2009, proven and probable open-pit reserves totalled 524Mt grading 0.47% copper, 0.044% molybdenum, 0.25g/t gold and 2.08g/t silver. Total mineral resources were 647Mt at 0.477% copper, 0.18g/t gold, 0.034% molybdenum and 2.1g/t silver.

http://www.mining-technology.com/projects/bingham/

नेपाल मा सुरु मा ८३,००० मेगवत्त बिजुली वनीए पनि अहिलीए १,००,०००-१२०,००० मेगवत्त सम्मा को सम्भाबना देखिन्छ, पहिलीए दुर्गाम वनेर जन नसकिनीए थम मा अहिलीए बिजुली निक्कल्न सकिन्छ

तेस्ताइ क्यानाडा मा ओिल सन्द बाट तेल निकल्न सम्भब वएको छ पहिलीए यो आर्थिक रूप मा सम्भब थिएन एक बारेल तेल  निकल्न २०-३० डोल्लर लाग्छ तेस्करन jaba एस्अंमा तेल को पैसा माथि रहन्छ तब सम्मा यो पोस्सिब्ले छ। खानि त धेरै को छन तर राम्रो सँग अध्ययन भएको छैन

नेपाल मा सुरु मा ८३,००० मेगवत्त बिजुली वनीए पनि अहिलीए १,००,०००-१२०,००० मेगावात्त सम्मा को सम्भाबना   दूर्गम् भनेर जान नसकिने ठाममा अहिले  बिजुली निक्कल्न सकिन्छ

तेस्तै क्यानाडा मा oil sand बाट तेल निकल्न सम्भब वएको छ पहिलीए यो आर्थिक रूप मा सम्भब थिएन एक बारेल तेल  निकल्न २०-३० डोल्लर लाग्छ तेस्करन जब सम्मा  तेल को पैसा माथि रहन्छ तब सम्मा यो सम्भब  छ। नेपाल को सन्दर्भ मा  खानि त धेरै को छन तर राम्रो सँग अध्ययन वाइ सक्या छैन, दोस्रो कुर बजार को समस्या पनि छ, हाम्रो बजार वनेको भरत हो
भरत बहेक तेस्रो देश मा बेच्न थालयो कि भरत ले बिविन्न बहन निकल्छ त्यो सबै लाई थाहा भएकै  कुरा हो आनी भारत ले नेपाली  समान  सस्तो मा किन्न खोछ कौदी को वौ मा , मुख्य सम्स्य तेही हो। अब कुनै कम्पनीले किन झंझट मोल्ने तेस्को लागि? राजनीतिक स्थिरिता नभएका देशमा पनि टन्न खानि सन्चालन मा आएको छ किन भने  ति देश हरु मा अन्तरराष्ट्रिय बजार को
स्अंभाबना छ। एदी त्यस्तो सम्भाबना वएमा कोम्पनी हरुले स्थानिय् जनता लाई किन्चन पैसा को भर्मा, आनी हामी लाई थाहा छदै  छ पैसा भनेपछी  हामी नेपाली कत्ती लोवी छौ भनेर  तेस्करन मुख्य सम्स्या राजनैतीक अस्थिरता होइन कि अन्तरराष्ट्रिय बजार को हो

तेल को सम्बन्ध मा आसम को तेलखानि र पाकिस्तान को तेलखानि को बिच मा एउटा रेखा तन्ने हो भने  यो नेपाल को नेपालगन्ज तिर को नजिक पर्छ तेस्करण त्यो बेल्ट मा तेल हुन सक्छ भनेर पनि  भन्ने गरिन्छ (मैले सुने को यो कुरा)। राजनैतीक इक्च्यसक्ती को कमी र भरौते हरु को रक्नैतीक बोल्वल वएको हुनाले कुनै पनि काम राम्रो सँग वैसकेको छैन। सम्भाबना को आधार मा licence लिने हरु ले पछी आरु कम्पनी  लाई licence बेचेर टन्न नाफा खान को लागि हो धेरै जसो, बिजुली को लागि खोला को licence ओगटेको
राजनीति रा जह्गद मात्र मुख्य सम्चर बन्ने हामी नेपाली हरु को लागि तल को समाचार ले खस महत्तो रखेन छ

फलाम खानी -पर्वत, माघ १६ -
यहाँको मुलुककै ठूलो फलाम खानी सञ्चालनमा आउने भएको छ । झन्डै ७० वर्षअघि पत्ता लागेको उक्त खानी केही समय सञ्चालनमा आएर बन्द भएको थियो । दुई वर्षअघि बुटवलबाट आएको इन्जिनियरको टोलीले उक्त खानीमा प्रशस्त फलाम रहेको बताएका थिए ।

खानी तथा भूगर्भ विभागले गाविसका नाममा पत्र पठाई खानी सञ्चालनका लागि नवलपरासी पर्वत खनिज उद्योगलाई २० वर्षका लागि स्वीकृति दिइएको जनाएको छ । यहाँको फलाम गुणस्तरीय भए पनि भारतबाट सस्तोमा आयत हुन थालेपछि उक्त खानी बन्द भएको थियो ।
झन्डै १ सय रोपनी क्षेत्रमा फैलिएको खानीबाट दैनिक १ सय २० मेटि्रकटन फलाम निकाल्न सकिनेछ । स्थानीय घन्टे माध्यमिक विद्यालयका प्रधानाध्यापक चन्द्रबहादुर छेत्री पहिला केही वर्ष खानी सञ्चालनमा आएर बन्द भएको बताए । उनका अनुसार अनुसन्धानका लागि आएका उच्च प्राविधिक टोलीले काठमाडौंको फुलचोकीमा भन्दा धेरै फलाम उत्पादन हुने बताएका थिए । आगामी २० वर्षको अवधिमा उद्योगले ८० लाख ३ हजार टन फलाम उत्खनन गर्नेछ । तत्कालीन समयमा खानीबाट निकालेको फलामको धाउ पगाल्दा वरपरका आधा दर्जन गाविसका हजारौं हेक्टर जंगल मासिएपछि तत्कालीन सरकारले बन्द गराएको स्थानीयको भनाइ छ । 
http://202.166.193.40/kantipur/news/news-detail.php?news_id=235700

यो एउटा साधारण समाचार मात्र बन्यो समाचार लाई ब्लक्क्मैल को रूप मा प्रयोग गर्ने पत्रकार हरुले एस्को  महत्तो नै बुझेनन  कि? नत्र भने एती सन मात्रै सम्चर किन?




 
Posted on 03-13-11 3:34 PM     [Snapshot: 1055]     Reply [Subscribe]
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प्रतिकृयाको लागि सबैलाई धन्यवाद!

राहुलदाइले भने जस्तै नेपालमा यो खानि छ र त्यो खानि छ भन्ने कुरा हामीले बच्चा बेलादेखि पढ्दै र सुन्दै आएको हो तर जति पढेका र सुनेका छौ सत्य त्यो भन्दा निकै पर पनि हुनसक्छ। भन्नेहरुले त यतिसम्म भने कि यदी नेपालको तराइमा पेट्रोल निकाल्यो भने भारतको आसमको खानि सुक्छ भनेर भारतको सरकारले नेपालमा पेट्रोल निकाल्न नदिएको हो। यस्ता कहानीहरु त बनि नै रहन्छन्। तर माथिको भिडियोमा बिषयवस्तुलाई जसरी प्रस्तुत गरियो त्यो वास्तवमा हाँस्यास्पद नै छ। पुरै पहाड सुनको र पुरै पहाड तामाको रे! भयो अव!

Kadie जि ले भने जस्तै यी पत्रकारहरुले खानि विभागका अधिकारीहरुलाई आफ्नो प्रश्न त राखे तर उनीहरुले दिएको उत्तरलाई चाँही आफ्नै पाराले व्याख्या गरे। यदि यहाँले खानि विभागको अधिकारीको कुरा ध्यान दिएर सुन्नु भयो भने सुन र तामा जस्ता धातुमा भन्दा चुनढुङा जस्ता औद्योगिक  खनिजहरुमा जोड दिएको पाउनुहुनेछ।

यसको साथै धर्केले उठाएको कुरा पनि सान्दर्भिक छ। कुनै पनि खनिज खानिको उत्खनन् आज आर्थिक रुपमा संभव नभए पनि प्रविधीको बिकास र मुल्यमा आउने बृद्दीले भविष्यमा उत्खनन् गर्न योग्य हुनसक्छ तर स्थिती उल्टो पनि हुनसक्छ, उदाहरणको रुपमा गणेश हिमालको जस्ता खानिलाई लिन सकिन्छ जुन पछी विश्व बजारमा ठुल्ठुला खानि फेला परेर मुल्यमा आएको गिरावटले गर्दा बन्द गर्नु परेको थियो।

वास्तविकता के हो भने कुनै नयाँ खानि पत्ता नलागेसम्म र धर्केले भने जस्तै प्रविधीमा सुधार नभएसम्म नेपालमा एक दुइटा बाहेक आर्थिक रुपले उत्खनन् गर्न संभव धातुका खानिहरु छैनन्। आर्थिक रुपले उत्खनन् गर्न संभव नहुनुको प्रमुख कारणहरुमा पहिले त खानिको आकारको कुरा आउँछ। नेपालमा पत्ता लागेका अधिकांश धातुका खानिहरुको आकार सार्है नै सानो छ। त्यस पछी त्यो खानिमा कति प्रतिशत धातु र कति प्रतिशत काम नलाग्ने ढुङ्गा माटो छ भन्ने कुरा आउँछ जसलाई ग्रेड भनिन्छ। नेपालमा पत्ता लागेका अधिकांश खानिहरुको ग्रेड कम छ। माथिको भिडियोमा पत्रकारहरुले भने जस्तै पुरै पहाड सुनको भन्ने कुरा संभव छैन। त्यसपछी उद्योगको लागि चाहिने पुर्वाधारहरु बाटो र बिजुलीको उपलब्धता; यस्ता पुर्वाधार खानिकै लागि बनाउन लागियो भने खनिको लागत मुल्यमा निकै बृद्दी हुन्छ र खानि संचालन गर्नु आर्थिक रुपले संवभ हुँदैन।

खानि उद्योग संचालनको अर्को महत्वपूर्ण पक्ष भनेको खानिले पार्ने बातावरणीय प्रभाव पनि हो। फुल्चोकीमा रहेको फलाम खानि उत्खनन् गर्नु आर्थिक रुपमा पनि संभव छ तर बातावरणीय दृष्‍टिले यो उपयुक्त छैन। हिमाल सिमेन्ट बन्द हुनुको विविध कारण भए पनि त्यसको बातावरणीय पक्ष पनि प्रमुख हो।

त्यसो भए के नेपालमा खानिहरु नै छैनन् त? होइन हामीसँग खानिहरु छन् तर धेरै जस्तो खानिहरु औद्योगिक खनिजका छन् जसमा प्रमुख त चुनढुङा नै हो। हाम्रो देशको दैनिक सिमेन्ट मागको ज्यादै थोरै भाग मात्र स्वदेशी उत्पादनले धानी रहेको छ। भारतबाट आयात गरिने अधिकांश सिमेन्टको गुणस्तर नेपाली सिमेन्टको तुलनामा निकै कम छ। हामीसँग चुनढुङाको खानि पनि छ र देशमा सिमेन्टको माग पनि छ, त्यसो भए सिमेन्ट उद्योग खोल्न केले रोकेको छ त? उत्तर हो पुर्वाधारहरुको अभाव; खोइ बिजुली? सारा देश लोड शेड्डिङको अन्धकारमा बसेको बेला उद्योग खोल्न कहाँबाट बिजुली पाउनु। अनि खै बाटो? सिमेन्ट बनाउन खाली चुनढुङा मात्र भएर पुग्दैन फलाम पनि ल्याउनु पर्छ, कोइला पनि चाहिन्छ, अनि बनेको सिमेन्ट बजारमा पुर्याउने बाटो पनि त चाहियो। सल्यानको कजेरी (खलङा नजिकै) भन्ने ठाउँमा ज्यादै उच्च गुणस्तरको चुन्ढुङाको निकै ठुलो परिमाण छ तर त्यो चुन्ढुङालाई आवश्यक पर्ने बिजुली तुलसिपुरसम्म पुग्दा पनि छैन। फेरी तुल्सीपुरबाट कजेरी जाने बाटोमा शरदा खोला माथि को पुलले ८ टन मात्र धान्छ, त्यस्तो बाटोमा सिमेन्ट उद्योगको लागि चाहिने गाडीहरु कसरी चल्ने? आज नेपालमा खानि विभागसँग चुन्ढुङा अन्वेषन र उत्खनन् गर्नको लागि लाइसन्स लिने उद्योगहरु धेरै छन तर पुर्वाधरको अभावमा खाली लाइसन्सको म्याद थप्दै बसेका छन्, समस्या यो मात्र होइन समस्या खानि वरपरका स्थानीय समुदायहरु पनि हुन्। माओवादीले चलाएको जनयुद्दसँगै अहिले नेपालका जनताहरु यति अनुशासनहिन भएका छन् कि कुरै नगरौ, एउटा उद्योग के खोल्नुपर्छ सबलाई जागिर दिनुपर्छ, सबलाई खर्च भर्नुपर्छ, यस्तो स्थितीमा कसरी चल्छन् उद्योगहरु? बरु खुलेका उद्योगहरु पनि धमाधम बन्द हुँदैछन् ।

चुनढुङा बाहेक, हामीसँग म्याग्नेसाइट अनि बहुमुल्य किमती पत्थरहरुको खानिहरु पनि छन्। त्यो बाहेक मार्वल र ढुङ्गा खानिहरु पनि प्रशस्तै छन्। कोइलाको कुरा गर्ने हो भने हामीसँग राम्रो गुणस्तरको कोइला छैन तर हाम्रो विभिन्न आवश्यकताको लागि काम लाग्छन्। नेपालको तराइको सतहमुनिको भागमा भएको जस्तै भौगर्विक बनावटबाट बंगलादेश र भारतले पेट्रोलियम पदार्थ निकालेबाट नेपालमा पनि पेट्रोलियम पाउने आशा गरिएको हो। एउटा भौगर्भिक संभावना के पनि हुनसक्छ भने, हिमालयको उत्पत्तीसँगै हाम्रोमा भएको पेट्रोलियम पदार्थ बढी पाकेर अथवा चुहिएर नष्ट भैसकेको पनि हुनसक्छ। तर त्यस्तो नभएर हामीसँग पेट्रोलियम भएको पनि हुनसक्छ। यसको लागि अन्वेषनको खाँचो छ। तर किन नेपालको तराइको विभिन्न ब्लकमा पेट्रोलियम अन्वेषन गर्न लाइसन्स लिएका अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय कम्पनीहरुले केही गरिरहेका छैनन्? खै देशमा सुरक्षा? जहाँ पनि तोडफोड जहाँ पनि हुल्लडबाज, कसले लगोस् करोडौ पर्ने आफ्ना मसिनहरुलाई त्यहाँ? आखिर औद्योगिक सुरक्षा भनेको पनि त चाहियो नि, एउटा खाडलको फोटो हेरेर त्यो पेट्रोलको खानि हो मात्र भनेर त भएन।

यो लामो गन्थनलाई तुर्ने क्रममा के भन्न चाहन्छु भने नेपालमा मिडियामा प्रचार प्रसार गरिएको जस्तो सुनको पहाड र पेट्रोलको खाडल नभए पनि केही खनिजका खानिहरु छन् र अरु थप संभावनाहरु पनि छन् तर पत्ता लगाइ सकेका खानिहरु संचालन गर्नु र नयाँ खानिको उत्खनन् गर्नु भन्दा पहिले देशमा शान्ती सुरक्षा कायम हुनु र उद्योगलाई चाहिने पुर्वाधारहरुको विकास हुनु आवश्यक छ।                                       

 


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